Jan 29, 2019 By Team YoungWonks *
Nowhere is change as rampant as in the ever-changing world of technology. What worked say 10 years ago (or even two years ago) may not work today; so it is imperative for programmers to keep themselves up-to-date with the latest in their field. This is why a good grasp of popular web development frameworks is as good as mandatory for those keen on developing a new application. Today, both beginner and experienced programmers are expected to know the latest and the best tools for application development.
So which are the leading web development frameworks this year? Before we take a look at them, let’s look at what is a web development framework.
What is a web development framework?
A web framework or web application framework is a software framework that is designed to support the development of web applications including web services, web resources, and web application programming interfaces (APIs). These web frameworks support the construction of internet applications based on a single programming language or based on native-language programmable packages designed around a particular user application, such as content management systems, some mobile development tools and some portal tools. The frameworks help automate the overhead associated with activities commonly performed in web development. For example, many web frameworks host libraries for database access, templating frameworks, and session management, and they often promote code reuse. Although they are usually used for the development of dynamic websites, they can also be applied to static websites.
Keeping this in mind, here are the Top 10 web development frameworks for 2019 in no particular order:
- Apache Spark
Apache Spark is an open-source distributed general-purpose cluster-computing framework. Originally developed at the University of California, Berkeley’s AMPLab, the Spark codebase was later donated to the Apache Software Foundation, which has maintained it since. Spark allows for reusability and real-time stream processing. Thanks to the in-memory processing feature, data in Spark gets cached and one needn’t cull it out from the disk each time. This makes Spark quite time efficient. Moreover, with its fundamental data structure of RDD (Resilient Distributed Dataset), Spark also provides fault tolerance. In other words, it can address and resolve the failure of any worker node in the cluster, thus reducing the loss of data to zero. It supports multiple languages such as Java, R, Scala and Python making it a versatile option. Plus it can run independently and also be integrated with Apache Hadoop. Its large storage has also led to increased demand in the big data community and Yahoo, Alibaba and TripAdvisor are among companies that have used Apache Spark.
One of the oldest frameworks, CodeIgniter is simple and powerful and has a lot of community support. It can easily be installed and needs minimal user configuration. It works well on almost all shared and dedicated hosting platforms. Another plus is CodeIgniter’s speed. It runs faster with database tasks as opposed to other frameworks. Also, CodeIgniter is extensively documented and has a good framework, making it safe for PHP beginners. Nissan and Casio Computers are among companies that have used CodeIgniter.
Django is a Python-based free and open-source web framework that follows the model-view-template (MVT) architectural pattern. It’s aimed at creating complex, database-driven websites. The framework is worthy thanks to its stress upon reusability of components, less code, low coupling, rapid development, scalability and portability. Django also has an optional administrative create, read, update and delete interface that is generated dynamically through introspection and configured via admin models. Another advantage is that it is easy to use in that developers can quickly grasp the project’s structure. And with Django, it is easier to connect to the large number of third party applications. Some well-known sites using Django include the Public Broadcasting Service, Instagram, Mozilla and The Washington Times.
A micro web framework written in Python, it does not need particular tools or libraries. It is simple, flexible and has no database abstraction layer, form validation, or any other components where pre-existing third-party libraries provide common functions. However, Flask supports extensions that can add application features and with this framework, you can build your own modules and projects, especially the prototyping variety. In fact, its documentation is comprehensive, full of examples and well structured. You can even try out a sample application to get an idea. If you want greater control over the components - such as the database - to be used, Flask is a good bet. A thriving community, first-class extensions, impressive API and fast templates make Flask an attractive web development framework. Pinterest and LinkedIn are some of the companies using Flask.
Laravel is a free, open-source web framework written in the server-side scripting language PHP (PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor) and designed for the development of web applications by using the model–view–controller (MVC) architectural pattern; it is highly popular on GitHub. It has a clean, simple API and offers support for sending notifications via email, SMS and Slack. The authentication here is simple and multiple cache configuration is possible, which makes its web applications faster. Security concerns are also at bay since it protects web applications against the serious security threats such as SQL injection, cross-site request forgery, and cross-site scripting. Simulating basic behaviour of users is also easy with Laravel, as is scheduling tasks. This makes it ideal for custom software development, and testing. It is said that more than a million websites have been made using Laravel since its release in 2011.
First released in May 2013, React can be used as a base in the development of single-page or mobile applications. React’s popularity (companies such as Twitter, the New York Times, WordPress and Uber have integrated React into their production web applications) can be traced to its many advantages. For starters, it’s a free and open-source library backed by a major tech firm and a strong developer community. Moreover, there’s a straightforward learning curve when it comes to React, which means it’s fairly easy to adopt. Its lightweight DOM (Document Object Model, an application programming interface that can be used with any programming language) translates into a strong performance. Most importantly, it allows you to create, reuse and combine components in your code.
*Contributors: Written by Vidya Prabhu; Lead image by: Leonel Cruz